1823 Illinois and Missouri by H.S. Tanner.
By: Henry Schenk Tanner
Date: 1823 (Published) Philadelphia
Dimensions: 28 x 22.75 inches (71.1 cm x 57.8 cm)
This large format map of Missouri and Illinois Territories comes from Tanner’s American Atlas, the publication of which transformed American Commercial Cartography and marked the beginning of the Golden Age of commercial cartography in America.
Tanner had first conceived the atlas in 1818 and began publishing it in serial/subscription format in 1819. His Atlas was issued over a five year period and on completion became the first American Atlas which could compete with the quality of European publishers. This particular map is one of the most highly prized and sought after of the series, for it provides in-depth detail of areas which previously had not been well described in cartographic works.
Township surveys had begun by that time but settlement and geopolitical boundaries are still in their infancy in this map. The upper part of Illinois is still Sauk and Fox Indian Lands. Chicago itself is part of the Boundary Lands. Tanner first conceived of the atlas in 1818, and began publishing it in serial/subscription format in 1819. Issued over a 5 year period, when finally completed, it marked the first American Atlas which could compete on merit with the quality of European Commercial publishers. The Missouri & Illinois map is perhaps the most sought after of all maps from this atlas, providing an amazing detail where there had been relatively little detailed cartographic work to date.
The township surveys have begun, and both counties have a number of early counties, but the settlement and geopolitical boundaries are still in their infancy. The upper part of Illinois is still Sauk and Fox Indian Lands. Chicago is part of the Boundary Lands. Patawatma Indian Land is shown south of Chicago. In Missouri, Osage Indian area is shown in the west, as well as Wayne County and a large area above it, described as attached to Gascognade Co.
Many early roads are shown, primarily following rivers or connecting cities to the mining regions. In the lower right quadrant a detail entitled ‘Explanation’ lists cities, capitals, forts, places of worship, ferries, roads, etc. The map shows American Indian lands and military boundaries in western Illinois.
Condition: This map is in C+ condition with slightly uneven toning and slight damp stains. Separations including a long tear extending from top center to the middle of the map have been repaired with archival material on the verso.
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