1890 Map of Linguistic Stocks of American Indians...

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Map of Linguistic Stocks of American Indians chiefly within the present limits of the United States.

By: John Wesley Powell

Date: 1890 (published) New York

Dimensions: 20.5 x 17.5 inches (52 x 44.5 cm) 

This intriguing map of North America presents the linguistic reaches of various Native American tribes and nations throughout the continent. The map was prepared for the eleventh census of the United States and the information was garnered from the Annual Report of the Bureau of Ethnology.

Color coded by indigenous languages, the map provides very little in terms of physical topography or typical geopolitical information. Instead it provides an interesting glimpse into the vast reaches of some native tongues and the confinement of others. Such variances can be attributed to the topography, climate, and biodiversity of their land. Many tribes that spoke a variation of Algonquin or Siouan lived a more nomadic lifestyle, following herds across vast stretches of land. Other tribes along the west coast of America were more fixed to their land as much of their food came from the sea. 

John Wesley Powell was a U.S. soldier, geologist, explorer of the American West. He is most known for the 1869 Powell Geographic Expedition, a three-month river trip down the Green and Colorado rivers, including the first official U.S. government-sponsored passage through the Grand Canyon. Powell served as second director of the U.S. Geological Survey from 1881 - 94. He became the first director of the Bureau of Ethnology at the Smithsonian Institution during his service as director of the U.S.G.S., where he supported linguistic and sociological research and publications.

Condition: This map is in A+ condition, folded as issues with no tears or pin holes and fine color on clean paper.

Inventory # 11243

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